Persian Carpet

Malayer

1429-Jozan rug

Where is Malayer in Iran?

Malayer, a city in Hamedan province, Iran, has a population of 170,000 and spans 22 square kilometers. With a rich history dating back to the Medes, Achaemenid, Arsacid, and Sasanid empires. this city is home to historical landmarks like Noushijan Hill. Situated between Arak and Kermanshah, the city shares cultural and artistic traits, particularly in carpet weaving with these regions.

How Old is Malayer?

Malayer remained a small village until the Zand dynasty. During the Zand and subsequent Qajar eras, it transformed into a city known for its carpets and agriculture in Iran. The city became a hub for many surrounding villages, developing a rich cultural heritage and earning fame for its unique carpet designs. These carpets are celebrated as some of the finest village-type rugs in Persia, showcasing diverse patterns from local villages.

An antique Malayer rug with Mahi (Herati) motif

Design and Patterns

Malayer carpets feature distinctive village-style patterns, with the Mahi motif being the most common. Other notable patterns include Gol Hana, Samovari, and various medallions. These designs are influenced by neighboring regions, blending elements from Hamedan and Sarouk rugs. Patterns range from diamond or hexagon-shaped medallions to all-over designs like the classic Herati, often incorporating geometric and abstract renditions of classical Persian motifs.

Mahi motif, Hoseinabad, Malayer, Iran      Botteh motif, Taayemeh, Malayer, Iran       Nanaj , Malayer, Iran      Herati motif, Hoseinabad, Malayer, Iran     Medallion pattern, Jozan, Malayer, Iran

Materials and Techniques

Crafted using high-quality wool for the pile, Malayer carpets offer a soft and durable texture. The foundation, typically made from cotton or wool, ensures the rug’s sturdiness. Weavers predominantly use the Persian knot technique, also known as the Senneh knot, which results in a dense and sturdy structure. Most Malayer rugs are single-wefted, with white cotton warps visible on the back. The color palette features deep reds, blues, greens, and warm earth tones derived from natural dyes.

Collecting and Caring

Antique Malayer rugs are highly sought after by collectors due to their historical value and craftsmanship. These rugs come in various sizes, from small area rugs to larger room-sized carpets, including unique oversized dimensions like 2×5 meters. Their intricate designs, rich color palettes, and high-quality materials make them beautiful decorative pieces for elegant settings. Proper care and maintenance, such as regular cleaning and avoiding direct sunlight, help preserve their beauty and value.

Conclusion

Malayer carpets stand as a testament to the rich cultural heritage and skilled craftsmanship of weavers in this region. Their intricate designs, vibrant colors, and durable materials make them a valuable addition to any home or collection. Whether you are a seasoned collector or a first-time buyer, Malayer carpets offer timeless appeal that can enhance any space.